You asked: How did the Spanish Civil War lead to Franco’s government?

What were the political effects of the Spanish Civil War?

The war also caused a massive displacement of more than 400,000 people. The victory of the Nationalist army led to the establishment of a dictatorship that lasted until Franco’s death in 1975 (the first democratic elections being held in 1977), with political repression continuing for years after the war.

Why did Italy support the Spanish nationalists?

On 28th November the Italian government signed a secret treaty with the Spanish Nationalists. In return for military aid, the Nationalist agreed to allow Italy to establish bases in Spain if there was a war with France.

Why did Italy and Germany get involved in the Spanish Civil War?

Why did Germany and Italy become involved in the Spanish war? German planes were crucial to mobilize Franco’s troops from Spanish possessions in the North of Africa to the Peninsula. German and Italian planes provided aerial support, bombing the Loyalist lines and civil population.

What kind of government did Francisco Franco create in Spain?

He established a military dictatorship, which he defined as a totalitarian state. Franco proclaimed himself Head of State and Government under the title El Caudillo, a term similar to Il Duce (Italian) for Benito Mussolini and Der Führer (German) for Adolf Hitler.

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What were the economic effects of the Spanish Civil War?

Economy devastated by the war- some 10 – 15% of the wealth destroyed; per capita income was 28% lower in 1939 than in 1935. Lots of industrial machinery needed to be replaced, communication and transportation networks had to be rebuilt. Dislocation of trade and industry. Spain had to focus on building self- sufficiency.

What were the social effects of the Spanish Civil War?

Spain’s economy was devastated by the war. Some 10–15 per cent of its wealth was destroyed, and per capita income was 28 per cent lower in 1939 than in 1935. Seventy per cent of Madrid’s factory machinery needed to be replaced, and its communications Systems, including the city’s tram network, had to be rebuilt.