What was going on in Spain in the 1700s?
In 1700, the death of the impotent Charles II –the last Hapsburg monarch on the Spanish throne—brought to a head a feverish struggle for control of the Spanish throne. … The War of the Spanish Succession might have been avoided if the Archduke Charles had not received support within Spain.
What dynasty ruled Spain in the 17th 18th centuries?
Habsburg Spain is a contemporary historiographical term referred to the Spain of the 16th and 17th centuries (1516–1700) when it was ruled by kings from the House of Habsburg (also associated with its role in the history of Central and Eastern Europe).
Who was the king of Spain in the 17th century?
But other factors were also at work. Seventeenth-century Spain was the age of the “lesser Habsburgs” – Philip III (1598–1621), Philip IV, and Charles II (1665–1700) – who are widely thought to have been less able and less energetic than Ferdinand and Isabella, Charles V and Philip II.
What was happening in Spain in the 18th century?
Ideas of the Age of Enlightenment entered Spain and Spanish America during the eighteenth century. The invasion of the Iberian Peninsula by Napoleon Bonaparte in 1807–1808 upended political arrangements of the Spanish Empire and the Portuguese Empire.
What dynasty rules Spain?
Spain was ruled by the major branch of the Habsburg dynasty over the 16th and 17th centuries. In this period, “Spain” or “the Spains” covered the entire peninsula, politically a confederacy comprising several nominally independent kingdoms in personal union: Aragon, Castile, León, Navarre and, from 1580, Portugal.
What contributed to the decline of Spain in the 17th century?
Many different factors, including the decentralized political nature of Spain, inefficient taxation, a succession of weak kings, power struggles in the Spanish court and a tendency to focus on the American colonies instead of Spain’s domestic economy, all contributed to the decline of the Habsburg rule of Spain.