How were Spanish colonies organized?
The first Spanish settlers organized the encomienda system by which Spaniards were given title to American land and ownership of the villages on that land. In return for promises to convert the Native Americans to Christianity, the Spanish were allowed to use the land and labor any way they saw fit.
What was Spanish colonial society structured?
How was the Spanish colonial society structured? Spanish colonial society was divided into a caste system. Peninsulas were the wealthy, elite and regarded themselves higher than everyone else because they were born in Spain. Creoles were the middle class, and were often born in Latin America.
Who were the Spanish colonial society?
The Spanish colonies consisted of a caste system of peninsulares, Creoles, mestizos and mulattoes, and Native Americans and Africans.
How was the Spanish colony governed?
Conquistadores, soldiers, and mission- aries were the primary Spanish coloniz- ers; farmers and traders came later. Colonies were governed by crown- appointed viceroys or governors. Settlers had to obey the king’s laws and could make none of their own.
How the Spanish colonial government in the Philippines was organized?
The Political Structure
Spain established a centralized colonial government in the Philippines that was composed of a national government and the local governments that administered provinces, cities, towns and municipalities.
How did the Spanish government organize the colonies after 1600?
How did the Spanish organize their colonies? The colonies were divided into Viceroyalties (like states), and each was overseen by a viceroy. The viceroy cited as the king for that area and answered only to the king of Spain and the Council of the Indies.
What determined your place in Spanish colonial society?
Patriarchy (the rule of men over family, society, and government) shaped the Spanish colonial world. Women occupied a lower status. … The world native peoples had known before the coming of the Spanish was further upset by Spanish colonial practices. The Spanish imposed the encomienda system in the areas they controlled.
How was colonial society divided?
The three main social classes in Colonial society were the gentry, the middle class and the lower class.
Who was at the top of the Spanish colonial society?
Peninsulares, people from Spain, were at the top of the social structure, followed by creoles, or people of Spanish descent born in the Americas. Mulattoes were people of mixed African and European descent, while mestizos were of mixed Indian and European descent; these groups were in the middle.
What were the three levels of society in colonial Spain?
For official purposes, particularly the assessment of tribute and military service, three primary groups were identified: Spaniard (European and American); castes (castas), that is, persons of mixed blood; and Indians. Although such classifications were overtly ethnic they were strongly influenced by cultural factors.