How did Spain and Portugal become separate nations?
Spain and Portugal divided the New World by drawing a north-to-south line of demarcation in the Atlantic Ocean, about 100 leagues (555 kilometers or 345 miles) west of the Cape Verde Islands, off the coast of northwestern Africa and then controlled by Portugal.
How did Portugal remain separate from Spain?
Portugal’s independence was recognized in 1143 by King Alfonso VII of León and in 1179 by Pope Alexander III. Portugal’s Reconquista finished in 1249. Spain began with the Union of the crowns of Castile and Aragon in 1469, although it was not until 1516 when they had a single unified King.
Who came first Portugal or Spain?
Portugal… Portugal, in the 20th century the poorest and least developed of the western European powers, was the first nation (with Spain) to establish itself as a colonial power and the last to give up its colonial possessions.
When did Portuguese split from Spanish?
This eventually led to the establishment of Portugal as a a separate kingdom in the 12th century, which allowed Portuguese to fully separate from Vulgar Latin. Spanish started to diverge as its own language soon after, and the standardization process was completely solidified by the 15th century.
How long did Spain rule Portugal?
The Iberian Union was the dynastic union of the Kingdom of Spain and the Kingdom of Portugal under the Spanish Crown that existed between 1580 and 1640, and which brought the entire Iberian Peninsula, as well as Portuguese overseas possessions, under the Spanish Habsburg kings Philip II, Philip III and Philip IV.
How did Portugal get its independence?
Portugal was founded in 1143, year of the Zamora’s Treaty signing. The treaty, agreed upon by D. Afonso Henriques, the first King of Portugal, and Alphonse the VII of León and Castile, recognized Portugal as an independent kingdom. In 1179 that status was confirmed by Pope Alexander the III.
What was the cause of the Treaty of Tordesillas?
The Treaty of Tordesillas was agreed upon by the Spanish and the Portuguese to clear up confusion on newly claimed land in the New World. … The Portuguese also wanted to protect their monopoly on the trade route to Africa and felt threatened.
Why did Spain start the process of expansion later than Portugal?
The history of Spanish exploration begins with the history of Spain itself. During the fifteenth century, Spain hoped to gain advantage over its rival, Portugal. … Their goals were to expand Catholicism and to gain a commercial advantage over Portugal.
How did Portugal lose power?
Fall. The Portuguese Empire, like the British, French and German empires, was fatally damaged by the two world wars fought in the 20th century. These European powers were pressured by the Soviet Union and the United States and by independence movements inside the colonial territories.