How and why did the Spanish conquer the Americas?
In 1519, two powerful empires – Spain and Mexica (Aztec) – were hungry for expansion in central Mexico. … Then the Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés led an attack on the Mexica empire. Although the Spaniards had horses and guns, both unknown in the Americas, the Mexica outnumbered them five hundred to one.
What caused the Spanish conquest?
The conquest of Mexico began with an expedition to search for gold on the American mainland. In 1519 Cortés led about 450 men to Mexico and made his way from Veracruz on the Gulf Coast to the island city of Tenochtitlan, the stunningly beautiful Aztec capital situated in Lake Texcoco.
What enabled the Spanish to conquer the Aztecs?
Spanish conquistadores commanded by Hernán Cortés allied with local tribes to conquer the Aztec capital city of Tenochtitlán. Cortés’s army besieged Tenochtitlán for 93 days, and a combination of superior weaponry and a devastating smallpox outbreak enabled the Spanish to conquer the city.
Why did Spain succeed in conquering so much of the Americas?
b) Spain succeeded in conquering so much of the Americas for four reasons. First, they brought deadly diseases with them against which the indigenous peoples had no defense. Second, they were excellent soldiers and sailors. Their superior training and weapons allowed them to easily overcome the armies of native people.
What were the 3 main factors that helped Cortes conquer the Aztecs?
The overthrow of the Aztec Empire by Cortez and his expedition rests on three factors: The fragility of that empire, the tactical advantages of Spanish technology, and smallpox.
Why did Spain want to conquer the Aztecs?
Why might Cortes have wanted to conquer the Aztec? Cortes might have wanted to conquer the Aztec because he wanted gold, silver, to convert them to Christianity, glory, and greed. … The advantages that the Spanish had over the Aztec were 16 horses, guns, armor, formed alliances, and diseases, steel.
What were three things that helped Spain defeat the Aztecs?
The Spanish colonizers defeated the Aztec Empire through more advanced weaponry, the introduction of European diseases, and creating alliances with smaller indigenous tribes in the region who had been resentfully living under the forced rule of the Aztec Empire.
Why were the Spanish able to conquer the Aztecs and Incas?
The Spanish were able to defeat the Aztec and the Inca not only because they had horses, dogs, guns, and swords, but also because they brought with them germs that made many native Americans sick. Diseases like smallpox and measles were unknown among the natives; therefore, they had no immunity to them.
Which factor most contributed to the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire?
Spanish weaponry was far superior to anything used by the Aztecs or Incas. Cortés and his men used over a dozen large portable guns, mainly for their shock value against the Aztecs.