Who ruled Spain in the 13th century?

Who ruled Spain in 1350?

Alfonso XI of Castile

Alfonso XI
Reign 7 September 1312 – 26 March 1350
Predecessor Ferdinand IV
Successor Peter
Born 13 August 1311 Salamanca, Crown of Castile

Who invaded Spain in the 13th century?

1. The Spanish occupation by the Moors began in 711 AD when an African army, under their leader Tariq ibn-Ziyad, crossed the Strait of Gibraltar from northern Africa and invaded the Iberian peninsula ‘Andalus’ (Spain under the Visigoths).

Who was the ruler of the Spanish Empire?

On 1 October 1936, General Francisco Franco was proclaimed “Leader of Spain” (Spanish: Caudillo de España) in the parts of Spain controlled by the Nationalists (nacionales) after the Spanish Civil War broke out. At the end of the war on 1 April 1939, General Franco took control of the whole of Spain.

Who controlled Spain?

The kingdoms of Spain were united under Habsburg rule in 1516, that unified the Crown of Castile, the Crown of Aragon and smaller kingdoms under the same rule. Until the 1650s, Habsburg Spain was the most powerful state in Europe. Spain remained among the most powerful states until the early 19th century.

Who are the black Moors?

Beginning in the Renaissance, “Moor” and “blackamoor” were also used to describe any person with dark skin. In A.D. 711, a group of North African Muslims led by the Berber general, Tariq ibn-Ziyad, captured the Iberian Peninsula (modern Spain and Portugal).

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Who colonized Spain?

… conquest and colonization by the Spaniards and Portuguese from the late 15th through the 18th century as well as movements of independence from Spain and Portugal in the early 19th century.

What made Spain unique in the Middle Ages?

Spain developed three different literary traditions during the Middle Ages. The presence in the Iberian Peninsula of three different established religions–Christianity, Islam and Judaism–gave rise to three distinctive intellectual communities and practices.