What was the purpose of the encomienda system in the Spanish colonies?
Although the original intent of the encomienda was to reduce the abuses of forced labour (repartimiento) employed shortly after Europeans’ 15th-century discovery of the New World, in practice it became a form of enslavement.
What was the purpose of encomienda system?
Derived from the Spanish verb encomendar (to entrust a mission for someone to fulfill), the mission of the encomienda was to care for and protect indigenous people by awarding part of their labor and produce to men who had served the crown—encomenderos.
How did the encomienda system affect Spanish colonization of the New World quizlet?
Cause & Effect: The cause of the Encomienda system was the Spanish crown offering land and Indian slaves to conquistadors going to the new world. The effect was heavy depopulation of Indians from brutality and disease leading into African slaves becoming a new labor force.
What is the encomienda system quizlet?
The encomienda system was a labour system under which the Tainos had to work in the fields and mines belonging to the Spaniards. … They would be called the ecomondero of the Tainos. His duties were to protect them and make them more civilized.
How did the encomienda system benefit Spain quizlet?
How did the encomienda system benefit Spain? A. It forced American Indians to work on farms and in mines. … The encomienda system gave Spanish colonists control over American Indians in a specific area.
Why is the encomienda system important quizlet?
Through encomienda system, Spanish government gave Indians to certain colonists in exchange for the promise to Christianize them. Significance: This system lead to future exploitation of natives and slaves. … Spain and Portugal signed this treaty which divided the territories of the New World.
When was the encomienda system used?
How did it come to be? The encomienda system is a labor system established by the Spanish Crown in the 1500s. This new system rewarded Spanish explorers, conquistadors, and military men with land in the New World. But they didn’t just get the land, they got the labor of the people living on the land as well.
How did encomienda system impact natives?
The Encomienda System was the Spanish’s control over the Natives or Indian slave labor by another name. It granted royal land from the Spanish Crown to the Spaniards. As for the effect on the Natives they were treated harshly like heavy manual labor such as: Building roads and infrastructure.
How did the encomienda system affect Spanish colonization of the New World?
The encomienda system did not grant people land, but it indirectly aided in the settlers’ acquisition of land. Encomenderos became familiar with Native lands; they were positioned to take control of land belonging to the Natives under their trusteeship through legal or illegal means, when the opportunity arose.
What was the Spanish encomienda system in the New World colonies quizlet?
What was the encomienda system in the spanish colonies? In the encomienda system, Colonists had the right granted by the Spanish government to its American colonists to demand labor or tribute from Native Americans. Use the terms Viceroy, creole, peninsulare, mestizo, and mulatto to describe colonial society.
What impact did the encomienda system of land distribution have on the future of Spanish America explain?
What impact did the encomienda system of land distribution have on the future of Spanish America? Explain. The encomienda system granted land to Spanish with total control over local people. This was one of the factors that led to the decline of the Taino people of the Caribbean.
What is encomienda system simple definition?
: an estate of land and the inhabiting American Indians formerly granted to Spanish colonists or adventurers in America for purposes of tribute and evangelization — compare repartimiento.
How did the encomienda system function quizlet?
How did the encomienda system function? The Spanish Crown granted conquerors the right to employ or demand tribute from groups of Native Americans in exchange for providing food and shelter.