What territories did Spain control in the Caribbean?

What are the 3 Spanish countries in the Caribbean?

The Spanish Caribbean (Cuba, Dominican Republic, and Puerto Rico) can be considered a separate subregion of Latin America, culturally distinct from both continental Spanish speaking countries and the non-Spanish speaking Caribbean.

What did Spain colonize?

Beginning with Columbus in 1492 and continuing for nearly 350 years, Spain conquered and settled most of South America, the Caribbean, and the American Southwest.

What colonies did Spain have in America?

Cuba and Puerto Rico were exclusively Spanish possessions, but Spain shared Hispaniola with France. The Spanish colony of Santo Domingo (later the Dominican Republic) occupied the eastern two-thirds of that island.

What were the last 2 colonies of Spain in the Caribbean?

Spain’s American empire began and ended in the Caribbean, with the settlement of Española during the 1490s, and the final loss of Cuba and Puerto Rico, four centuries later, in 1898.

Why did Spain colonize the Caribbean?

When the Spanish (in the form of Columbus’s expedition) came to the Caribbean in the late 15th century, they were coming for “gold, God, and glory.” They wanted to get rich by finding gold, they wanted to spread Christianity, and they wanted to get glory (the glory of finding new things).

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What are the Spanish Caribbean islands?

Caribbean Spanish. The Caribbean dialect zone encompasses the island territories of Cuba, Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico, as well as the coastal areas of Venezuela, northern Colombia and eastern Panama.

How many Spanish countries are in the Caribbean?

In total, 11 different countries in the Caribbean speak Spanish as their official language. Cuba, Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic, Bocas del Toro, Bay Islands, Federal Dependencies of Venezuela, Cozumel, Mujeres, Nueva Esparta and San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina all speak Spanish as their official language.

Is Haiti a Spanish speaking country?

Haiti is more Caribbean in terms of its history and identity, but a lot of Haitians do speak Spanish. In fact, many speak several languages. They speak indigenous Creole, which is an African and French mix, and they may speak French and Spanish, or even English fluently.