What impact did Spanish and later Mexican colonization have on the Native Americans living in California?

What impact did Spanish and later Mexican colonization have on the Native Americans living in California quizlet?

What impact did Spanish, and later Mexican, colonization have on the Native Americans living in California? Under Spanish colonialism, between 1769 and 1821, the Native American population along the California coast declined dramatically. Native Americans were forced to work for missionaries and rancheros.

What impact did Spanish settlement have on the native California lifestyle?

Life in the missions resulted in the slow but steady erasure of the Native Americans’ way of life and identity and led to a steep decline in their population. They were uprooted from their villages and forced to give up their language and religious practices to serve as laborers.

How did Mexican rule affect California?

Life in California changed slowly. The most visible impact of Mexican independence was the secularization of the missions. The missions lost their lands and much of their power. … Native-born Californios grew restive under Mexican rule and in 1842 asserted the provincial autonomy of California.

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How did Spanish colonization of the Americas affect the Native American peoples?

European colonization of North America had a devastating effect on the native population. … The natives, having no immunity died from diseases that the Europeans thought of as commonplace. They also brought guns, alcohol and horses. The effect of these was to change the way of life for the Native Americans.

What impact did Spanish colonization have on the indigenous peoples of the Americas?

In fact, the greatest impact of Spanish contact with the indigenous peoples was the introduction of ‘Old World’ diseases that decimated their populations. These diseases included smallpox and measles, for which the indigenous population had no immunity.

What were the implications of Spanish expansion in California?

For the vast majority of California’s Indians, the consequences of Spanish colonization were disastrous. The impact could especially be seen in three areas: punishment in the missions, disease, and resistance. Punishment in the missions.

What did Spanish bring to California?

Spanish explorers first ventured into southern California in 1533 hoping to find fabled cities of gold. Along with beads and trinkets, seafarers unwittingly brought lethal diseases to the California Native Americans who welcomed them ashore.

Who had the hardest way of life in early California?

By 1849, the non-native population of California had grown to almost 100,000 people. Nearly two-thirds were Americans. Upon arrival in California, immigrants learned mining was the hardest kind of labor. They moved rock, dug dirt and waded into freezing streams.

How did Mexico’s independence struggle impact California?

The Mexican War of Independence resulted in California’s becoming more self-sufficient and developing a greater sense of autonomy.

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How Mexican Independence led to the growth of California?

In 1821, Mexico achieved her independence, and word of this event reached Alta California the following year. … Not only were Californians allowed to trade with foreigners, but foreigners could also now hold land in the province once they had been naturalized and converted to Catholicism.

How would you characterize the transition from Spanish colonial rule to Mexican California?

Mexican California, sometimes characterized as stagnant or sleepy, was actually a society in dramatic transition. Politically, the changeover from Spanish to Mexican control in 1821 brought new laws, new administrators, and a shift of power from missionaries to secular governors and powerful ranching families.

What was California known as under Mexican rule?

Mexican Alta California (1821–1846)