How was the Spanish colony governed?

How was the Spanish colony structured?

During most of the colonial era, Spanish American society had a pyramidal structure with a small number of Spaniards at the top, a group of mixedrace people beneath them, and at the bottom a large indigenous population and small number of slaves, usually of African origin.

Who was in charge of the Spanish colonial government?

The Provincial Government

There were two types of local government units – the alcadia and the corregimiento. The alcadia, led by the alcalde mayor, governed the provinces that had been fully subjugated: the corregimiento, headed by corregidor, governed the provinces that were not yet entirely under Spanish control.

What type of government did Spain have in the 1700s?

History of Spain (1700–1810)

Kingdom of Spain Reino de España
Religion Roman Catholic
Government Absolute monarchy
• 1700–1724 (first) Philip V

How did the Spanish govern America?

In order to control its new empire, Spain created a formal system of government to rule its colonies. … Like other Europeans in the Americas, the Spanish believed they had a duty to convert Native Americans to Christianity. They set up missions, religious settlements, run by Catholic priests and friars.

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Who ruled New Spain?

New Spain

Viceroyalty of New Spain Virreinato de la Nueva España
Government Kingdom
• 1521–1556 Charles I (first)
• 1813–1821 Ferdinand VII (last)

How did viceroys govern Spanish territories?

The viceroys were appointed by the king of Spain and the Council of the Indies from among noble Spanish families. … The viceroy’s princely salary was supposed to prevent corruption, and commercial dealings were forbidden to him.

How was labor organized in New Spain?

For labor, the new rulers initially relied on the encomienda system, a system of labor in which the Spanish government awarded individual conquistadors with the labor and goods of the native people of a region. Encomienda virtually enslaved the native people.

What were the four levels of Spanish colonial society?

The Spanish colonies consisted of a caste system of peninsulares, Creoles, mestizos and mulattoes, and Native Americans and Africans.

How did the Spanish government organize the colonies after 1600?

How did the Spanish organize their colonies? The colonies were divided into Viceroyalties (like states), and each was overseen by a viceroy. The viceroy cited as the king for that area and answered only to the king of Spain and the Council of the Indies.