Why did King Philip sent the Spanish Armada?
King Philip II of Spain was determined to crush the rebellion. He sent an army under the Duke of Alva to defeat the rebels, who were led by William, Prince of Orange. However, after the assassination of William in 1584, Elizabeth was persuaded to help the Protestant rebels and sent an army of 7,600 men to the country.
What caused the war known as the Spanish Armada who won?
In 1588, King Philip II of Spain sent an armada (a fleet of ships) to collect his army from the Netherlands, where they were fighting, and take them to invade England. … However, an important reason why the English were able to defeat the Armada was that the wind blew the Spanish ships northwards.
How did religion cause the Spanish Armada?
The Spanish Armada was a massive naval force launched to invade England in 1588. King Philip II of Spain attacked England for several reasons: Religion: Spain was Catholic and King Philip wanted England to become Catholic again. Military: Elizabeth had sent troops to help Dutch rebels fighting Spain in the Netherlands.
Why was Spain a threat to Elizabeth?
Spain was a Catholic country and England a Protestant country – meaning that the two rulers had conflicting spiritual outlooks. … Elizabeth secretly supported the Dutch rebels because she knew the Dutch revolt would keep the Spanish too busy to threaten England.
Who won the Spanish Armada?
Off the coast of Gravelines, France, Spain’s so-called “Invincible Armada” is defeated by an English naval force under the command of Lord Charles Howard and Sir Francis Drake.
Who defeated the Spaniards in the Philippines?
It would be the first overseas war fought by the United States, involving campaigns in both Cuba and the Philippine Islands. The Spanish fleet guarding the Philippines was defeated by the U.S. Navy under the command of Commodore George Dewey on May 1, 1898.