What was the structure of society in the Spanish colonies?
During most of the colonial era, Spanish American society had a pyramidal structure with a small number of Spaniards at the top, a group of mixedrace people beneath them, and at the bottom a large indigenous population and small number of slaves, usually of African origin.
What were the three levels of society in colonial Spain?
For official purposes, particularly the assessment of tribute and military service, three primary groups were identified: Spaniard (European and American); castes (castas), that is, persons of mixed blood; and Indians. Although such classifications were overtly ethnic they were strongly influenced by cultural factors.
What was the Spanish colonial society?
Spanish colonial society was divided into a caste system. Peninsulas were the wealthy, elite and regarded themselves higher than everyone else because they were born in Spain. … Mulattos were at the bottom of the society structure and were those made up of mixed European and African heritage.
What were the four levels of society in New Spain?
The Spanish colonies consisted of a caste system of peninsulares, Creoles, mestizos and mulattoes, and Native Americans and Africans.
Is there a class system in Spain?
Those who ruled rural Spain were uppermost in a society of classes in which the most important people were the nobility and the clergy, who owned the best lands and in total were the owners of more than the half of the cultivated land. Under them, there were the peasants, artisans and the bourgeois.
The correct order of the social classes in Spanish colonial society would be “D) Peninsulares, Creoles, mestizos, Native Americans,” with Peninsulares being at the “top”.
What was society like in New Spain?
Over time, members of New Spanish society formed new ethnic identities as Spaniards intermarried with Native Americans and Africans. A subtle castelike system developed, with peninsulares (natives of Spain) at the top of the social hierarchy.
Out of these the following are the largest ethnic groups in Spain: Castilians, Catalans, Basques, Galicians, and Valencians.
- Castilians. The Kingdom of Castile and that of Aragon in the Iberian Peninsula were combined to form contemporary Spain. …
- Catalans. …
- Basques. …
- Galicians. …
- Valencians. …
- Spanish Dialects.
What were the main elements of the Spanish colonial economy?
During the Spanish colonial period, the economy was based on exploitation, both of land and of Native American labor. The first Spanish settlers organized the encomienda system by which Spaniards were given title to American land and ownership of the villages on that land.