Frequent question: How do commands in Spanish work?

How do you make a command sentence in Spanish?

form: (hablar – ar + a = habla) (comer – er + e = come) (escribir – ir + e = escribe) The following examples of commands use three regular verbs: hablar, comer, and escribir. Habla (tú) más lentamente. (You) Speak more slowly. Come (tú) la cena.

How do you know if a command is tu or usted?

Spanish speakers use tú (too) and usted (oos-tehd), which both mean “you,” to convey the formality of a relationship. Tú is less formal than usted. You use tú when you’re talking to someone of the same age, the same rank, or the same educational level.

What are some Spanish commands?

Informal Spanish Commands – Affirmative & Negative

verb tú command (affirmative) example
salir (to go out, to leave) sal Sal de aquí. (Get out of here.)
ser (to be) Sé un buen chico. (Be a good boy.)
tener (to have) ten Ten cuidado. (Be careful.)
venir (to come) ven Ven a mi casa. (Come to my house.)

What is command sentence?

Command sentences are used when you are telling someone to do something. Commands usually start with an imperative verb, also known as a ‘bossy verb’, because they tell someone to do something.

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How do you know if a command is formal or informal Spanish?

In Spanish, informal commands are used among friends, coworkers, relatives, or when addressing a child, whereas formal commands are often used for elders, employees, authority figures, and people you don’t know.

How do you identify formal commands in Spanish?

The formal commands are formed the same way as the present subjunctive: Start with the yo form of the present indicative. Then drop the -o ending.

How do Tu commands work?

Overview. Tú commands are the singular form of informal commands. You can use affirmative tú commands to tell a friend, family member the same age as you or younger, classmate, child, or pet to do something. To tell somebody not to do something, you would use a negative tú command.

How do you do affirmative tu commands?

The affirmative tú (you) command is a cinch to learn! It conjugates the same as the third-person singular indicative form of the Spanish present tense. In most cases, it’s a simple matter of dropping the –r from the infinitive verb—except for -IR verbs, where the ending changes from i to e.

How do you form affirmative tu commands?

Affirmative tú commands: use él/ella/usted form of the present indicative. Negative tú command: use the corresponding forms of the present subjunctive, like the usted, nosotros, and ustedes.

How do you command someone to speak in Spanish?

Direct Commands for “-ar” Verbs

Singular familiar: habla tú, no hables tú > speak, don’t speak. Singular formal: hable Ud., no hable Ud. > speak, don’t speak. Plural familiar: hablad vosotros, no habléis vosotros > speak, don’t speak.

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What are affirmative commands?

To tell someone you address as tú to do something, you use an. affirmative informal command. Example: shut the door, open the refrigerator, cut the carrots. To form the affirmative informal command of regular or stem.