Frequent question: How did the Spanish conquer the Americas?

Why were the Spanish able to conquer the Americas?

Spanish conquistadors, who were primarily poor nobles from the impoverished west and south of Spain, were able to conquer the huge empires of the New World with the help of superior military technology, disease (which weakened indigenous resistance), and military tactics including surprise attacks and powerful …

How did the Spanish gain power in the Americas?

Beginning with the 1492 arrival of Christopher Columbus in the Caribbean and gaining control over more territory for over three centuries, the Spanish Empire would expand across the Caribbean Islands, half of South America, most of Central America and much of North America.

Why were the Spanish able to conquer the Aztecs and Incas?

The Spanish were able to defeat the Aztec and the Inca not only because they had horses, dogs, guns, and swords, but also because they brought with them germs that made many native Americans sick. Diseases like smallpox and measles were unknown among the natives; therefore, they had no immunity to them.

What enabled the Spanish to overpower and conquer the native peoples of the Americas?

The invading forces’ biggest advantage came from something microscopic in size: European diseases they introduced to the indigenous peoples of the Americas. It is estimated that up to 90 percent of the native population died from smallpox, measles and similar illnesses within the first decades after contact.

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How did Spain maintain control over its American colonies?

They probably sought to convert Indian leaders who exercised influence over the rest of the population. How did Spain maintain control over its American colonies? … They originally explored the area look- ing for gold; they colonized the area to create a defensive zone to keep other Europeans away from New Spain.

What were the three main motivating factors for Spanish to begin colonizing?

What were the three main motivating factors for Spanish to begin colonization? Three goals of the Spanish colonization in the Americas were the spread of Catholicism, the increase of wealth, and the expansion of the Spanish empire.

Why was it easy for the Spanish to conquer the Aztecs?

They found that the city’s society had crumpled. The Aztecs no longer trusted Montezuma, they were short on food, and the smallpox epidemic was under way. More than 3 million Aztecs died from smallpox, and with such a severely weakened population, it was easy for the Spanish to take Tenochtitlán.